IMANI: Photography for Solidarity | about_tribes


All the IMANI project photographs have been taken in the villages and settlements where the organizations EREOTRE and MANG'OLA operate.



The Datoga tribe are skilled farmers, blacksmiths and craftsmen. Their main language is the Nilotic Datoga language and only about 1% speak Swahili, the national language of Tanzania. They have a long-held reputation as fierce warriors. They resist education and development and live with low standards of hygiene, high infant mortality and a literacy rate of about 1%. The Datoga live a very difficult life, in semi-arid areas, where water is hard to obtain and often unclean. The ideal family situation is polygamous, with wives ranked in order of marriage. Marriage must be outside the clan.



The Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group of semi-nomadic people living in East Africa. Although the governments have encouraged the Maasai to abandon their traditional lifestyle they have refused and continued their age-old customs. Most of them are pastoralists and are famous for their fearsome reputations as warriors and cattle-rustlers.Traditional Maasai lifestyle centres around their cattle which are their primary source of food. The Maasai society is strongly patriarchal in nature, with elder men deciding most major matters and they are monotheistic, worshipping a single deity with a benevolent and vengeful dual nature.   



The Hadza tribe live around Lake Eyasi in the central Rift Valley and the Serengeti Plateau. Most of them still pursue virtually the same way of life as their ancestors from tens of thousands of years ago, being some of the last full-time hunter-gatherers in Africa. They are not closely genetically related to any other people. The Hadza are organized in groups with no governing hierarchy. They are nomads, building simple shelters and often moving their camps. They are predominantly monogamous and highly skilled, selective, and opportunistic foragers as well as experts in using bows and arrows treated with poison to hunt.